Born in Tehran, Hilaneh Mahmoudi has a BA in mathematics and education from Azad University in Iran and York University in Canada. She has worked as a photographer on commissions by international NGOs in social and developmental projects in Turkey, Nepal, Iran and South Africa, as well as international editorial assignments.

In 2017 she published her first monograph - "Myanmar: Reflections on a Reverie". Hilaneh Mahmoudi's work was shown in both solo and group exhibitions in Turkey and Iran.